The Ngorongoro Crater, the name has an almost mystical ring to it, conjuring images of a giant wildlife-filled volcanic caldera, where the big five and many other animals roam. But there’s even more, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area also encompasses mountains, lakes, forests, and wide-open African plains. With the world-famous crater at its heart, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area covers an area of 8300 sq km. This African wildlife area was previously part of the Serengeti National Park, but due to the grazing needs of the animals of the local Masai, the area was reclassified as an African wildlife conservation area in Tanzania.
The Ngorongoro Conservation Area as a whole has much to offer but the jewel in its crown is, without a doubt, the eponymous crater – an area of 265 sq km, which is 610 meters deep and 19 km across. The rim of the crater is an astounding 2286 meters above sea level. The floor contains a small soda lake, called Lake Magadi and it is estimated that 30 000 animals are living in the crater, making it the most intensive safari game viewing area on earth! It was therefore very fittingly declared a World Heritage Site in 1978. A visit to Tanzania is simply incomplete without a safari visit to the park. Please refer to the map below for further details, pictures, photos images and information on this magnificent and attractive park.
Geology: The Ngorongoro Crater lies in northern Tanzania in what was once volcanic terrain. A little more than 2,5 million years ago, Ngorongoro was a volcanic mountain rivalling nearby Mount Kilimanjaro in size, as one of the highest peaks of Africa. Then its top collapsed, resulting in the gigantic caldera, or volcano, the largest unflooded and unbroken caldera in the world. Often, when you stand on the Crater’s rim you can see elephants, buffaloes, and rhinos – mere specks in the distance, but a foretaste of what is to come.
Olduvai Geology: Located within the Ngorongoro Conservation Area is the Olduvai Gorge. It is here at Olduvai Gorge that Dr Louis Leakey and family discovered the remains of Homo Hablis or “handyman”, regarded as mankind’s first step on the ladder of human evolution, proving his theory that man had his origins in Africa. But many more fossils have been discovered here at Olduvai Gorge, including those of prehistoric elephants, giant horned sheep, and enormous ostriches. Footprints of humanoids believed to be three million years old have also been discovered at Olduvai Gorge. A fascinating museum houses replicas and actual artefacts found on-site at Olduvai Gorge, which makes the site worth a safari trip during your stay in this area.
The park is one of the most densely crowded wildlife areas in the world and is home to an estimated 30,000 animals. There is no giraffe, topi or impala in the park – they probably find it too difficult to negotiate the crater rim cliffs and there is also insufficient grazing for large herds of antelope, inside the park. However, the park teems with wildebeest, zebra, buffalo, aggressive pack hunting hyenas and resident lion prides. Supported by a year-round supply of water and fodder, the park supports a vast variety of animals, which include impressive herds of wildebeest, zebra, buffalo, eland, warthog, hippo, giant elephants and a small population of black rhino.